Original article / research
Prevalence of Pre Diabetes Subjects Attending Tertiary Health Care Center in Jaipur City
Dr. Neha Saboo,
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology,
RUHS College of Medical Sciences,
Jaipur-302033, Rajasthan, India.
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus has become a worldwide pandemic and is causing huge costs and burdens upon patients as well as health care providers. There is increasing evidence that lifestyle alterations are extremely effective in delaying the onset of pre diabetes or development from pre diabetes to Type-2 diabetes mellitus.
Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of pre diabetes and to assess the risk factors associated with pre diabetes in Tertiary Health care center of Jaipur city.
Materials and Methods: The study was cross-sectional carried out in Department of Physiology at Rukmani Beni Prasad Jaipuria Hospital. A total 1000 subjects age group 30 to 50 years were screened out between August and October 2017. Data collected by an interviewed questionnaire, anthropometric measurements and laboratory investigation.
Results: The prevalence rate of pre diabetes in the present study is 12.5%. Prevalence was more among the females compared to males. There was a statistically significant difference between pre diabetic and normal groups regarding increasing age, overweight and obesity, sedentary life style, tobacco consumption, dietary habits. Prevalence of pre diabetes was higher in adults with physical inactivity (11.11%), obesity (high body mass index) (18%), central obesity (12.69%) and tobacco use (8%), psychological stress (12.5%). To compare the significant difference between the proportions (percentages) the test of proportion is applied.
Conclusion: The study emphasis the need for effective health education program to increase awareness including importance of regular exercise and healthy diet towards pre diabetes.
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