Original article / research
Evaluation of Vitamin D in Breast Cancer in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Dr. Swetha NK,
Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry,
JSS Medical College, JSS University,
Mysuru-570015, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Vitamin D has been implicated to play a very important role in different types of cancers due to its pleotropic effects such as cell proliferation, cell differentiation, apoptosis etc. The implications of vitamin D deficiency are more evident in breast, prostate and colorectal cancer. Studies have revealed vitamin D supplementation reduces the risk of Breast cancer.
Aim: The main objective of our study was to find out whether low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels was associated with breast cancer.
Materials and Methods: Study group included 25 diagnosed cases of breast cancer. Equal number of age and sex matched healthy persons were included in the control group. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D was estimated by electrochemiluminiscence immunoassay.
Results: Mean vitamin D levels were low in breast cancer patients, when compared to controls (p-value < 0.05),which shows that low vitamin D levels are associated with increased risk of breast cancer.
Conclusion: Our study showed that low levels of vitamin D are associated with breast cancer when compared to apparently healthy controls. Estimation of serum vitamin D in patients with breast cancer might help in the early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.
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