Original article / research
Blood Donors Deferral Pattern in a Rural Teaching Hospital
Dr. Subhashish Das C/o Dr. Kalyani R. MD
P.C. Extension, Kolar 563101 Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Blood transfusion services are a vital part of the national health delivery system. The responsibility for ensuring a continuous supply of blood rests with health administrators, who need to galvanize entire community towards regular and non-remunerated blood donation. Blood donor deferral, either temporarily or permanently is an important step in improving the safety of blood transfusion.
Objectives: This retrospective study quantifies and analyzed the rate and reasons of donor deferral in a teaching hospital.
Materials and Methods: A total of 12,000 donors were taken up for study. All pre-donation deferral for the prospective blood donors over a period of 2 years were analyzed.
Results: 8.33% were deferred from donation and among these deferrals, majority (82.5%)were temporarily deferred and (17.05%) were permanently deferred. The most common reason for deferral was low haemoglobin count (23.7%) followed by abnormal blood pressure (12.7%).
Conclusion: It is important to determine the rate and causes of donors deferral to guide the recruitment and retention efforts at local, regional, and national level. Analysis of rejection patterns may help medical personnel to be more focused in donor screening. This will not only help in improving the donor and recipient safety but also in maintaining a healthy donor pool in the long run, which provided the potential donors are appropriately counseled and managed to improve the efficiency of the donor program. Temporary donor deferrals need to be actively and aggressively managed so as not to lead to a diminished supply of future donors.
|[ FULL TEXT ] | [ ]|